Revision #1 Authors: Eric Allender, Harry Buhrman, Luke Friedman, Bruno Loff

Accepted on: 30th June 2014 17:06

Downloads: 1206

Keywords:

This paper is motivated by a conjecture that BPP can be characterized in terms of polynomial-time nonadaptive reductions to the set of Kolmogorov-random strings. In this paper we show that an approach laid out by [Allender et al] to settle this conjecture cannot succeed without significant alteration, but that it does bear fruit if we consider time-bounded Kolmogorov complexity instead.

We show that if a set A is reducible in polynomial time to the set of time-t-bounded Kolmogorov-random strings (for all large enough time bounds t), then A is in P/poly, and that if in addition such a reduction exists for any universal Turing machine one uses in the definition of Kolmogorov complexity, then A is in PSPACE.

Improved exposition, minor corrections. This new version also appears on Arxiv, and will appear in a special issue of LMCS devoted to CiE 2012.

TR12-054 Authors: Eric Allender, Harry Buhrman, Luke Friedman, Bruno Loff

Publication: 2nd May 2012 11:48

Downloads: 3099

Keywords:

This paper is motivated by a conjecture that BPP can be characterized in terms of polynomial-time nonadaptive reductions to the set of Kolmogorov-random strings. In this paper we show that an approach laid out by [Allender et al] to settle this conjecture cannot succeed without significant alteration, but that it does bear fruit if we consider time-bounded Kolmogorov complexity instead.

We show that if a set A is reducible in polynomial time to the set of time-t-bounded Kolmogorov-random strings (for all large enough time bounds t), then A is in P/poly, and that if in addition such a reduction exists for any universal Turing machine one uses in the definition of Kolmogorov complexity, then A is in PSPACE.